A Highly Diverse and Functional Naïve Ubiquitin Variant Library for Generation of Intracellular Affinity Reagents.

TitleA Highly Diverse and Functional Naïve Ubiquitin Variant Library for Generation of Intracellular Affinity Reagents.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsLeung, Isabel, Jarvik Nick, and Sidhu Sachdev S.
JournalJ Mol Biol
Date Published2017 Jan 06
KeywordsGRB2 Adaptor Protein, Humans, Kinetics, Mutant Proteins, Peptide Library, Protein Binding, Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor, Ubiquitin

<p>We report the design, construction, and validation of a highly diverse phage-displayed naïve ubiquitin variant (Ubv) library. We first conducted a mutation tolerance scan of 27 residues and confirmed that 24 of these could be substituted by chemically diverse amino acids without compromising the display of Ubvs on phage. Subsequently, we constructed a library containing 6.8×10(10) unique members, in which these 24 positions were diversified with a degenerate codon that encodes for 6 aa that are prevalent in protein interaction sites. To ensure the optimal structural stability of the Ubvs, we constructed the library in a two-step process, whereby 12 positions were randomized first, and following the selection for displayed Ubvs, the resulting pool was further diversified at the other 12 positions. The resulting library was validated by conducting binding selections against a panel of 40 diverse protein antigens and was found to be as functional as a highly validated synthetic antibody library, yielding binders against 30 of the antigens. Detailed characterization of an Ubv that bound to the cell-surface receptor human epidermal growth factor receptor 3 revealed tight binding in the single-digit nanomolar range. Moreover, Ubvs that bound to two distinct sites on the intracellular adapter Grb2 could be combined to generate a potent inhibitor that functioned in cells. These results validate ubiquitin as a robust scaffold for the construction of naïve libraries that can be used to generate Ubvs that target signaling networks both outside and inside the cells.</p>

Alternate JournalJ. Mol. Biol.
PubMed ID27887869

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